Arhiva

Archive for the ‘Religie’ Category

Sergiu Nicolaescu si gibonii

6 Ianuarie 2013 1 comentariu
Nepal funeral

Funeralii publice in Nepal

Nu am vazut imaginile de la crematoriu. Doar am auzit ce s-ar fi intamplat acolo. Unii faceau referire la „manifestanti” prin termenul gloata. Nu cred ca as mai fi avut stomac si pentru ei. Imi fusese deja intors pe dos de ceea ce am vazut in studiourile tv.

Nu am auzit nici macar o singura voce rationala pe sticla. Poate nu m-am uitat pe posturile corecte. Cine stie!?

In schimb am auzit pseudo argumentul legat de mantuire. Cica: daca nu este ingropat, nu mai ajunge in rai. Toata lumea parea ca ia in serios prostia asta. Sa facem cateva asumptii. Sa preupunem ca raiul ar exista si ca ar exista un zeu judecator (nu jucator, ca Basescu).

Atunci zeul ala n-ar trebui sa judece mortul dupa faptele proprii? De ce ar rata Sergiu Nicolaescu mantuirea? Ca doar nu si-a dat foc singur si nici nu se poate ingropa singur. Astea-s fapte ale altora asupra carora defunctul nu mai are niciun control. El, in cel mai bun caz, si-a dorit acest lucru si asta nu se mai poate schimba. A comis-o; daca e sa folosim un limbaj colocvial. Faptele lui s-au incheiat in momentul mortii. Tot restul sunt fapte ale celor ramasi vii.

Ce pot spune? O tara de giboni!

Stiu ca nu e frumos sa generalizez, dar cred ca nu gresesc. N-am vazut nicio licarire de ratiune si ma tem ca am intrat in noaptea polara a mintii.

Categorii:Argumentatie, Religie Etichete:

Dawkins – Ateism militant

3 Septembrie 2012 Lasă un comentariu

Doar un reminder:

 

Bacteria responsabilă de „miracole”

20 Noiembrie 2011 Lasă un comentariu

Scientific American a publicat pe 11 luna aceasta un articol de Jennifer Frazer, pe care il redau integral mai jos (pentru ca am vazut ca uneori dispar):

Miraculous Microbes: They Make Holy Statues „Bleed”–and Can Be Deadly, Too

A sinister bacterium implicated in Catholic miracles and „blood”-tainted polenta also kills coral, insects, and are even are up to no good in your contact lens case

MIRACLE-MAKER: A pigmented strain and various mutant versions of Serratia marcescens. Image: Robert Shanks, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

The Killer Bacteria Hall of Fame no doubt houses the usual suspects: Yersinia pestis, perpetrator of the Plague; Treponema pallidum, the spiral-shaped culprit in syphilis; and Vibrio cholerae, the swimmer that causes cholera. But you have probably never heard of one of the inductees.Serratia marcescens is a forgotten but ubiquitous bacterium that can produce a red pigment called prodigiosin and likes to hang out as a pink film in the shower grout and toilet bowls of less-than-scrupulously clean homes. The pigment is so persistent that giant amoebas called slime molds that dine on S. marcescens turn red just as flamingoes that eat shrimp turn pink. Yet the picture emerging of this unsung organism is increasingly sinister.

These bacterium first attracted scientific attention in early modern times when it was found oozing out of damp Italian statues, communion wafers and, of all things, polenta doing its best impersonation of „blood.” And blood it was taken to be—usually miraculously—until a pharmacist named Bartolomeo Bizio started trying to get to the bottom of what peasants declared to be an outbreak of diabolically cursed polenta in 1819.

Bizio believed a microorganism was responsible. In the test chamber, he found the bacterium happily chowing down on polenta while cranking out red pigment. Believing it to be a fungus, he named it Serratia in honor of Italian physicist Serafino Serrati, and marcescens because of the pigment’s tendency to fade or decay rapidly.

Fast forward to the middle of the 20th century. In the early 1950s the U.S. government decided it would be a good idea to use S. marcescens in a bioweapon dispersal experiment dubbed Operation Sea-Spray. They burst balloons filled with Serratia over San Francisco Bay. Chosen because the red pigment makes it easily traceable, the supposedly innocuous bacterium so generously sprinkled over the bay was subsequently linked to several respiratory infections and at least one death.

Since then the bacterium has been widely found to be an opportunistic human pathogen, capitalizing on its prowess in forming tight-knit surface communities called biofilms wherever it can. It infects urethras through catheters, lungs via respirators, and premature babies by way of hospital caregivers. S. marcescens turns out to be one of the top 10 causes of all hospital-acquired respiratory, neonatal and surgical infections, said Robert Shanks, associate professor of ophthalmology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, who studies S. marcescens.

It has also been found irritating or infecting the corneas of contact lens wearers who fail to clean their cases with enough diligence (or at all). „What I think is sort of strange about S. marcescens is so many people have them in their contact lens cases,” said Regis Kowalski, an ocular microbiologist at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Although it often lives there harmlessly, S. marcescens is the third-most common cause of ocular keratitis, a corneal infection usually caused by poorly cleaned cases.

Disturbingly, the bacterium also seems to thrive in soap and other aggressive cleaners. In your hand soap, you might have Serratia living in it,” Shanks said. „We actually had a bottle of Triton X-100 that was contaminated with it. It was really hard to believe because it’s a strong detergent.” The many hospital outbreaks of Serratia, he added, are almost always traced to contaminated cleaning solutions.

Yet S. marcescens also has a benign side. Certain strains are a normal, harmless component of mammalian guts, water and soil, and probably pose little risk to your average healthy human who cleans his or her lens case properly.

But Serratia has doubled down the menace in the past few years. Just this year, nine patients died and another 10 were sickened in Alabama by feeding tubes and bags contaminated with S. marcescens. And you may recall the debacle that ensued in 2004 when Chiron Corp. had to deep-six some 48 million doses of flu— half that year’s —at the beginning of the flu season due to unspecified contamination. The contaminant? Serratia marcescens.

And lately, rampaging Serratia have turned up in some even less expected places. In 2002 scientists discovered the „white pox” pathogen devouring elkhorn coral in the Caribbean was none other than S. marcescens. Although Serratia is a common inhabitant of beaches, canals and some shore-dwelling animals, it is not typically found in seawater, so discovering it there was a surprise, said Kathryn Sutherland, associate professor of biology at Rollins College in Winter Park, Fla., who unmasked the pathogen.

After extensive testing of Serratia strains from nearly every conceivable source, Sutherland and her colleagues concluded that the coral-killing strain was an exact match with one of the many strains found in human excrement. In a paper published in PloS ONE in August, they showed that this strain of bacteria experimentally caused white pox on elkhorn coral infected in the lab (although other factors such as another pathogen, pollution and rising water temperatures may also contribute to the disease, she noted).

Released from leaking septic systems ill-suited to the local geology of the Florida Keys, the bacterium by chance happened to be able to both survive in saltwater and dine on elkhorn coral, an unhappy accident for both us and it, because about 90 percent of the species in those waters have vanished in the last 15 years. „I call them elkhorn graveyards,” she said of the ghostly fields of departed coral.

The story does not stop there. In 2010 scientists reported a bacterium from the genus Serratia partnering with microscopic roundworms called nematodes from the genus Caenorhabditis—the genus to which C. elegans, a much-loved experimental subject, belongs—to take out insects. Recent research had already indicated C. elegans was not the sweet little free-living soil dweller scientists may long have thought they had cultured. Instead, nematodes in this genus make a living by hitching rides on insects to travel between food sources or by living on them and patiently waiting for them to die so they can feast on the corpse.

But a chance encounter revealed a darker story. Discovered accidentally in a wax moth larvae–baited nematode trap in South Africa, scientists discovered a new species of roundworm called C. briggsae had partnered with a species of Serratia. In these sorts of relationships, which also occur in other nematode genera, symbiotic bacteria are carried inside the nematode’s digestive tract, sometimes in pouches especially for the purpose.

Bacteria-loaded nematodes invade an insect through its own digestive openings or cuticle pores. Once inside, the roundworms release the bacteria, which start releasing toxins. „The bacteria does the work of the killing and changing the whole thing into a septic soup,” said Eyualem Abebe, a biologist at Elizabeth City State University in North Carolina and lead author of the study that discovered the Serratia–Caenorhabditis partnership. The nematodes, in turn, feast on the bacteria in an arrangement that could be looked at as a twisted agricultural scheme. Intriguingly, the researchers also found that by adding the requisite strain of Serratia to five other non–insect infecting Caenorhabditis species—including the venerable C. elegans—they were able to turn all these freeloaders into killers.

How is it that Serratia can survive in so many different environments and opportunistically infect so many unrelated hosts? Shanks thinks it is because Serratia is a classic bacterial generalist. It has a big genome packing enough genes to consume practically any carbon (food) source and to resist virtually any antibiotic—traits acquired through countless generations of selection in bacterial soil wars. „It’s got so many enzymes it can eat just about anything,” he said.

Which brings up one final question: Just what is that red pigment that Serratia sometimes secretes, and why does it make it? Until recently, few had bothered to investigate that question. The research of Pryce Haddix, associate professor of biology at Auburn University at Montgomery, suggests the bacterium may be using the pigment to slow energy production in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and limit damage from free radicals caused by oxygen’s presence during ATP synthesis as it prepares for rest or dormancy, he said.

But why red? Does the bloody hue have a physiologic purpose or is the bacteria’s sinister appearance merely a chemical coincidence? „That’s an excellent question,” he said. „I don’t have a clue really.”

Categorii:Religie Etichete:,

Documentare

In weekendul asta, avand mai mult timp, am vizionat doua documentare pe care doresc sa le recomand tuturor. Primul in ordinea vizionarii a fost „The god who wasn’t there”. Filmul propriuzis este disponibil si pe youtube (o sa-l agat la final) dar recomand, daca aveti de unde lua, partea cu extended interviews.

Al doilea a fost „Religulous” al lui Bill Maher. Acesta este mult mai entertaining decat primul. La final veti gasi trailerul.

Vizionare placuta!

 

Faith no more

Anul acesta Andrew Zak Williams  intreba personalitatile publice de ce cred in dumnezeu. Pe 25 Iulie in New Statesman a fost publicat interviul in oglinda in care ateisti de marca precum Richard Dawkins, Susan Blackmore, Sam Harris si altii isi justifica pozitia.

 

Un scurt exemplu:

A C Grayling
Philosopher

I do not believe that there are any such things as gods and goddesses, for exactly the same reasons as I do not believe there are fairies, goblins or sprites, and these reasons should be obvious to anyone over the age of ten.

Categorii:Religie, Scepticism Etichete:

Cum a devenit Penn Jillette ateu

Reading the Bible (Or the Koran, Or the Torah) Will Make You an Atheist – Un interviu cu Penn Jillette

Inregistrarea video.

Question: How did you become an atheist?

Penn Jillette: In my church group in Greenfield, Massachusetts at the age of about 16 or 17, I had made a deal with my mom and dad—I was very, very close to my mom and dad. I’m a real momma’s boy and got along with them my whole life, hardly even rough periods. And they went to the Congregationalist church: The Church of the Covered Dish Supper in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Massachusetts is an old enough state that you could not charter a town without having a Congregationalist church and this was the first one in out town. I mean, from back 200 years ago.

And I made a deal with my mom and dad that I wouldn’t have to go to church services Sunday morning if I went to youth group Sunday night. So we had a pastor—that minister at that church—that was fairly hip, you know, he was trying to deal with the children, play a Jim Morrison song once in a while. Played the Beatles. Far out! And he sincerely wanted us to do some inquiry into theological questions and I took it very seriously. I may have been the only in the youth group that did take it seriously and I read the Bible cover-to-cover and I think that anyone who is thinking about maybe being an atheist… if you read the Bible or the Koran or the Torah cover-to-cover I believe you will emerge from that as an atheist. I mean, you can read „The God Delusion” by Richard Dawkins, you can read „God Is Not Great” by Hitchens… but the Bible itself, will turn you atheist faster than anything.

Question: Why would reading the Bible make you an atheist?

Penn Jillette: I think because what we get told about the Bible is a lot of picking and choosing, when you see, you know, Lot’s daughter gang raped and beaten, and the Lord being okay with that; when you actually read about Abraham being willing to kill his son, when you actually read that; when you read the insanity of the talking snake; when you read the hostility towards homosexuals, towards women, the celebration of slavery; when you read in context, that „thou shalt not kill” means only in your own tribe—I mean, there’s no hint that it means humanity in general; that there’s no sense of a shared humanity, it’s all tribal; when you see a God that is jealous and insecure; when you see that there’s contradictions that show that it was clearly written hundreds of years after the supposed fact and full of contradictions. I think that anybody… you know, it’s like reading The Constitution of the United States of America. It’s been… it’s in English. You know, you don’t need someone to hold your hand. Just pick it up and read it. Just read what the First Amendment says and then read what the Bible says. Going back to the source material is always the best.

When someone is trying to interpret something for you, they always have an agenda. So I read the Bible and then I read Bertrand Russell and I read a lot of other stuff because in the Greenfield public library the 900’s of the Dewey Decimal System… I mean, one of the few people that still remembers it, the 900’s are theology. They’re only about this long but that’s all on camera. Only about this long, the one armed guy who caught a fish this big. They’re only about this long and so I read a lot of them. I started going go to class and, to his credit, the pastor who was a wonderful man, wonderful man would let me talk to him about this stuff.

And finally after—I don’t know, it’s so long ago—but after months of this platonic questioning every night at youth group, the minister called my mom and dad and said, „You know, I think maybe Penn should stop coming to youth group, he’s no longer learning about the Bible from me. He is now converting everyone in the class to atheism.” So I was asked to leave—very politely, very nicely—youth group. And then with the help of Martin Mull, Randy Newman, Frank Zappa, the idea that these three men were out-of-the-closet atheists was so inspiring to me and so important to me. And reading interviews with somebody…

And I remember being somebody in a religious—and not a religious community like wack jobs, but, you know, in a community where most everyone was Christian—having those people in interviews say the simple sentence „There is no God” meant the world to me and gave me joy and gave me passion and gave me love and gave me confidence. And I think the first time I was interviewed, as presumptuous as this seems—and please forgive me—I remembered Frank Zappa’s interviews. And I wanted to give a chance for someone else reading that to not feel they were alone. Now that’s less important now. I mean, the population of atheists in this country is going through the roof. I mean, I’m now on the side that’s winning.

It’s over 20 percent by some polls and I believe if you counted atheism as a religion it’s the fastest growing religion in the history of the United States of America. So now I’m on the team that’s winning which is an uncomfortable position for me. But back, you know, 30 years ago, 40 years ago, it still felt like it meant something, you know, it’s… we’re several years behind gay rights but we’re following a much faster path at acceptance.

Recorded on June 8, 2010
Interviewed by Paul Hoffman

Categorii:Religie Etichete:,

Să cunoaştem biblia – Lot

Intenţionez să public o serie de posturi în care să evidenţiez morala îndoielnică ce stă ascusă în „cărămida” cu care se bat Creştinii în piept, o venereaza şi pe care nici măcar nu se obosesc s-o citească. Primul episod îi este dedicat personajului biblic Lot, cel ce-a fost salvat la distrugerea Sodomei graţie înălţimii morale pe care o atinsese.

Facerea (Geneza) cap 19

Capitolul 19
1. Cei doi Îngeri au ajuns la Sodoma seara, iar Lot şedea la poarta Sodomei. Şi văzându-I, Lot s-a sculat înaintea Lor şi s-a plecat cu faţa până la pământ
2. Şi a zis: „Stăpânii mei, abateţi-vă pe la casa slugii Voastre, ca să rămâneţi acolo; spălaţi-Vă picioarele, iar dimineaţă, sculându-Vă, Vă veţi duce în drumul Vostru”. Ei însă au zis: „Nu, ci vom rămâne în uliţă”.
3. Iar el I-a rugat stăruitor şi S-au abătut la el şi au intrat în casa lui. Atunci el Le-a gătit mâncare, Le-a copt azime şi au mâncat.
4. Dar mai înainte de a Se culca Ei, sodomenii, locuitorii cetăţii Sodoma, tot poporul din toate marginile; de la tânăr până la bătrân, au înconjurat casa,
5. Şi au chemat afară pe Lot şi au zis către el: „Unde sunt Oamenii, Care au intrat să mâie la tine? Scoate-I ca să-I cunoaştem!”
6. Şi a ieşit Lot la ei dinaintea uşii şi, închizând uşa după dânsul,
7. A zis către ei: „Nu, fraţii mei, să nu faceţi nici un rău.
8. Am eu două fete, care n-au cunoscut încă bărbat; mai degrabă vi le scot pe acelea, să faceţi cu ele ce veţi vrea, numai Oamenilor acelora să nu le faceţi nimic, de vreme ce au intrat Ei sub acoperişul casei mele!”
9. Iar ei au zis către el: „Pleacă de aici! Eşti un venetic şi acum faci pe judecătorul? Mai rău decât Acelora iţi vom face!” Şi repezindu-se spre Lot, se apropiară să spargă uşa.
10. Atunci Oamenii aceia, care găzduiau în casa lui Lot, întinzându-Şi mâinile, au tras pe Lot în casă la Ei şi au încuiat uşa;
11. Iar pe oamenii, care erau la uşa casei, i-au lovit cu orbire de la mic până la mare, încât în zadar se chinuiau să găsească uşa.
12. Apoi au zis cei doi Oameni către Lot: „Ai tu pe cineva din ai tăi aici? De ai fii, sau fiice, sau gineri, sau pe oricine altul în cetate, scoate-i din locul acesta,
13. Că Noi avem să pierdem locul acesta, pentru că strigarea împotriva lor s-a suit înaintea Domnului şi Domnul Ne-a trimis să-l pierdem”.

iar mai apoi

30. Apoi a ieşit Lot din Ţoar şi sa aşezat în munte, împreună cu cele două fete ale sale, căci se temea să locuiască în Ţoar, şi a locuit într-o peşteră, împreună cu cele două fete ale sale.
31. Atunci a zis fata cea mai mare către cea mai mică: „Tatăl nostru e bătrân şi nu-i nimeni în ţinutul acesta, care să intre la noi, cum e obiceiul pământului.
32. Haidem dar să îmbătăm pe tatăl nostru cu vin şi să ne culcăm cu el şi să ne ridicăm urmaşi dintr-însul!”
33. Şi au îmbătat pe tatăl lor cu vin în noaptea aceea; şi în noaptea aceea, intrând fata cea mai în vârstă, a dormit cu tatăl ei şi acesta n-a simţit când s-a culcat şi când s-a sculat ea.
34. Iar a doua zi a zis cea mai în vârstă către cea mai tânără: „Iată, eu am dormit astă-noapte cu tatăl meu; să-l îmbătăm cu vin şi în noaptea aceasta şi să intri şi tu să dormi cu el ca să ne ridicăm urmaşi din tatăl nostru!”
35. Şi l-au îmbătat cu vin şi în noaptea aceasta şi a intrat şi cea mai mică şi a dormit cu el; şi el n-a ştiut când s-a culcat ea, nici când s-a sculat ea.
36. Şi au rămas amândouă fetele lui Lot grele de la tatăl lor.
37. Şi a născut cea mai mare un fiu, şi i-a pus numele Moab, zicând: „Este din tatăl meu”. Acesta e tatăl Moabiţilor, care sunt şi astăzi.
38. Şi a născut şi cea mai mică un fiu şi i-a pus numele Ben-Ammi, zicând: „Acesta-i fiul neamului meu”. Acesta e tatăl Amoniţilor, care sunt şi astăzi.

Cu alte cuvinte, Lot era suficient de beat încât sa nu stie cu cine se culcă, dar nu suficient încât să nu mai poată f**e.
Măi, să fie!

Categorii:Religie Etichete:,